Cannabis Legislation Canada

Canada LegalCannabis Legislation Canada

Federal Rules – Per the Justice Department

The Cannabis Act creates a legal framework for controlling the production, distribution, sale and possession of cannabis in Canada. The Act aims to keep cannabis out of the hands of young people, keep profits away from the criminal element and protect public health and safety.

Adults,18 or older may legally to possess up to 30 grams of legal cannabis, dried or equivalent in non-dried form in public; share up to 30 grams of legal cannabis with other adults; buy dried or fresh marijuana and cannabis oil from a provincially-licensed retailer, in provinces and territories without a regulated retail framework, individuals would be able to purchase cannabis online from federally-licensed producers; grow, from licensed seed or seedlings, up to 4 marijuana plants per residence for personal use; make cannabis products, such as food and drinks, at home as long as organic solvents are not used to create concentrated products.
Cannabis edible products and concentrates will be legal for sale approximately one year after the Cannabis Act has come into force on October 17th, 2018.

Province by Province Cannabis Legislation

Crystal clear lake in Alberta Province in Canada

Alberta

In Alberta you have to be at least 18 years old to partake in legal marijuana, which can only be purchased from licensed stores and http://albertacannabis.org/. You may buy/possess only 30 grams on your person at a time. Marijuana may only be consumed where it isn’t forbidden to do so. You may not drive while high. You may however grow up to 4 plants in your residence. Children may not enter retail spaces even under adult supervision where cannabis is sold.

British Columbia

The minimum age to buy, sell or consume cannabis is also 19 and older. Adults may posses up to 30 grams in a public area. Smoking and Vaping cannabis where these activities are prohibited is also forbidden. Particularly in playgrounds, recreational parks and other places children gather. Use is expressly forbidden on school properties and in vehicles. Adults may grow up to 4 plants per household as long as the plants are not visible from public spaces. One caveat is that home cultivations is forbidden in day cares.

Vancouver Bay with Marina
Winnipeg skyline at night

Manitoba

In Manitoba, no one under the age of 19 may possess cannabis, a year later than the legal age for drinking alcohol. The government’s legislation would also prohibit people from growing marijuana at home for recreational purposes. Manitoba Liquor and Lotteries would also regulate the sale of cannabis and municipal governments would have the option to ban sales by referendum.

New Brunswick

New Brunswick will set the minimum age at 19, it would be prohibited for anyone under 19 to buy, attempt to buy, possess or consume cannabis in any form; Purchase or attempt to purchase cannabis-smoking or -vaping supplies or cannabis plant-starter material; Enter or attempt to enter a cannabis retail store, even when accompanied by an adult; Cultivate marijuana. You may also not drive while high. Adults are allowed to carry up to 30 grams on their person, unsealed. Marijuana stored in a private home would have to be in a locked container or a locked room to ensure it is kept from minors. Consumption of recreational cannabis would not be permitted in public places. The act also includes requirements to secure cannabis when it is being grown on private property, either indoors or outdoors.

Beautiful New Brunswick river
Newfoundland lake with green background

Newfoundland and Labrador

Novice drivers, commercial drivers and drivers younger than 22 will be under a zero-tolerance policy for marijuana. The legal age to purchase and possess cannabis in Newfoundland and Labrador will be 19 years – in line with alcohol; Place of use will be restricted to private residences, and Private retailers will be used to sell cannabis.

Northwest Territories

Residents of the Northwest Territories will be allowed to grow up to 4 marijuana plants per household. Communities will be able to restrict or ban the using, possessing and transporting of cannabis in their areas. Consumers will be able to buy cannabis through mail order or in person at one of the province’s liquor stores, provided of course that they are older than 19 years of age. 30 grams is the maximum amount an individual can carry in public at any time. Public Use will be allowed under the same rules as tobacco and forbidden in places frequented by children and during public events.

Aurora Borealis
New Scotland bay

Nova Scotia

19 is the minimum age to buy, carry, use, and share cannabis, Nova Scotians will be allowed to grow up to 4 marijuana plants per household. Public consumption of marijuana is allowed, but restricted by the Smoke-free Places Act. 30 grams is the maximum amount an individual can carry in public at any time. Public Use is forbidden where tobacco smoking and vaping are not allowed and in places frequented by children, including provincial parks and beaches.

Nunavut

Nunavut residents should be allowed to grow up to 4 marijuana plants per household but rules for growing are still under discussion. Municipalities will be able to restrict cannabis use in certain spaces. Nunavut expects to start sales online, by phone, and through government agents. There are no plans for physical stores so far. 19 is the minimum age to buy, carry, use, and share. Public Use should be allowed under the same rules as tobacco smoking. Use will not be allowed in places commonly frequented by children and inside vehicles.

Native Canadian by the see
Toronto skyline

Ontario

The minimum age to buy, use, possess and grow marijuana will be 19 and older in Ontario. You may only use it in a private residence depending n your lease agreement. That means you may not use in any public places, workplaces and vehicles. It is illegal to drive while high and the penalties are severe. Young, novice or commercial drivers may not have ANY cannabis in their system.

Prince Edward Island

30 grams is the maximum amount an individual can carry in public at any time for users 19 years and older. Public Use will not be allowed. Cannabis use will be permitted only in private residences with the possibility of designated public spaces later on. Residents may grow up to 4 marijuana plants per household and buy from one of the 4 government-run retail locations (Charlottetown, Summerside, Montague, and West Prince). An online store is also in development.

Prince Edward Island
Quebec skyline

Quebec

The minimum age for Quebec will be 18 years of age. One of the main differences is that one may not grow marijuana for personal use at home. However, 150 grams may be stored in the residence. Cannabis may also be smoke wherever it is lawful to smoke tobacco products. Supply will be provided by government-run retailers both online and in physical locations. Possession is capped at 30 grams per person and 150 grams per household.

Saskatchewan

Those 19 years and older may buy, carry, use, and share marijuana as well as grow up to four plants per household, indoors or outdoors, as long as plants are kept in a secure location. 30 grams is the maximum amount an individual can carry in public. Public Use will be prohibited. Supplies may be found at approximately 60 private stores in up to 40 municipalities and First Nations communities.

Rivers and mountains and trees
Train disappears in the clouds

Yukon

The Yukon’s regulations on cannabis were approved in the Legislative Assembly in April 2018. Residents older than 19 years of age will be allowed to grow up to four plants per residence for personal use. 30 grams is the maximum amount an individual can carry in public. Public Use will be allowed under the same rules as tobacco smoking. By the time of legalization, there will be one
e-commerce website and one retail location, both run by the government. Private licensing will follow.